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Drum It Up! Steel Drum Industry News, Trends, and Issues

Archive for the ‘Salvage Drum’ Category

Wikipedia Offers An Edited Definition Of A Salvage Drum

February 10th, 2009 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: Industry News, Salvage Drum

Proving to be a definitive source for just about anything, Wikipedia now contains a publicly edited definition of a Salvage Drum. It’s well worded and includes a brief evolution of the UN performance requirements.

A Salvage Drum is an outer container used for shipping a leaking, damaged or non-compliant drum containing hazardous materials. Originally designed to be greater than, or equal to, the construction and performance specifics of an inner container, the Performance Oriented Packaging Standards (POPS) of the US Department of Transportation requirement was that the Salvage Drum be at least a ‘Z’ (Packing Group III) solids container. Convinced that this was not an acceptable test for a Salvage Drum, on January 1, 1998, the ‘T’ Salvage Drum (1A2T) became the UN recommended salvage packaging for international shipments. The US-DOT, per 49 CFR 173.3, also recognizes the ‘T’ Salvage Drum for shipments within the US. Unlike the original 49 CFR Salvage Drum requirement, the ‘T’ Salvage Drum is most commonly an 85 US gallon capacity steel drum that meets UN Model Regulations test requirement 6.1.5.1.11, which specifies that when filled with water, the drum can qualify for Packing Group II and be dropped 1.2 meters (4 feet) on its’ most critical orientation, and not leak. In addition, the drum must successfully pass a 30 kPa Leakproofness Test. Both tests are very severe for an open-head steel container. This testing illustrates the extreme capabilities of the ‘T’ Salvage Drum when used for the safe recovery of hazardous materials in transportation.

Click here to see Skolnik’s Salvage Drum options.

Salvage Drum Definition Clarified by DOT

October 15th, 2008 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat, Safety, Salvage Drum


Skolnik Salvage Drum Information,

Per CFR 173.3(c), Salvage Drums have long been used as overpacks for the efficient and effective transport of damaged, defective or leaking containers, irrespective of whether these packagings are discovered before or after having been placed in transportation. In 2005, the DOT expanded the Salvage Drum definition to include non-compliant packagings (contents in inappropriate packagings). The ultimate use of these overpacked drums is to proceed to the nearest appropriate disposal or repackaging facility. Salvage Drums are not to be used as a secondary container, or overpack, for a primary shipment. Recently, DOT commented that while it is their intent for these packagings to be used for damaged, defective, leaking or non-compliant packagings that have already entered transportation, it is also their intent to limit the use to when packagings are discovered to be non-conforming after having been placed in transportation.

DOT Visits Skolnik For Faa Education And Training

December 5th, 2006 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: DOT/UN, Salvage Drum

On November 21st (2006), 13 staff from the Hazardous Materials Enforcement Division of the Federal Aviation Administration visited Skolnik for a day of education and training on steel drum manufacturing, testing and discussion. Skipp Skeggs, Senior Enforcement Specialist in the Central Region Office of the Department of Transportation prompted the visit. With increasing security at airports for both commercial and cargo shipments, the goal of the day was to observe the manufacturing process for steel drums, discuss the performance oriented test markings, demonstrate the hydrostatic and drop tests specified in CFR 178.600, and review in-field questions and field observations of the FAA staff. Skolnik Project Engineers Mark Sherman and Dustin Winkel demonstrated a 55 gallon 1A2/Y1.5/150 hydrostatic pressure test and an 85 gallon ‘T’ Salvage Drum drop — filled with water and secured with a Skolnik QuickLever closure ring. All testing was successful and the FAA staff found the experience to be helpful in better understanding the performance strengths of steel drums.

What Is The Allowable Gross Weight Of A Salvage Drum?

June 6th, 2006 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: DOT/UN, Salvage Drum

In accordance with CFR 173.3, the rated capacity of a Salvage Drum, in kilograms, is the maximum gross weight that the drum can weigh after it has been loaded (the gross weight equaling the weight of the inner damaged container plus the weight of the Salvage Drum itself). At Skolnik, our most popular 85 Gallon Salvage Drum is rated at a gross weight of 440kg, or 970 pounds. This would allow for an inner container weighing as much as 404kg, or 890 pounds.