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Archive for the ‘Skolnik Newsletter’ Category

eCommerce and Packaging at COSTHA

October 17th, 2017 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: Associations, DOT/UN, HazMat, Skolnik Newsletter

Members of the Council on the Safe Transport of Hazardous Articles (COSTHA) met for the quarterly review of the domestic and global dangerous goods (DG) issues. On October 3-5, 2017, in Rosemont, IL, about 100 COSTHA members attended the event. Of particular interest, the new eCommerce Committee, Chaired by Veronica Wilson, identified the need for a forum for following the DG issues related to shipments via ground which are primarily business to business (B2B) and business to consumer (B2C). Wilson identified that the initial scope of the Committee would not address matters related to shipments from private companies, such as eBay, shipments of counterfeit products, lithium batteries, nor reverse logistics. While important topics that will later be addressed, the primary scope at this time would be related to DG markings and labels on packagings. One of the members offered that a separate initiative has been launched by UL where air carriers would be able to search a database of battery manufacturers to confirm if they have passed the UN 38.3 test and help identify counterfeit and/or unsafe batteries from being transported.

The Packaging Committee, Chaired by Tracie Cady, reviewed the current list of issues to present to the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), which included the ability for Third-Party Test Labs to test and mark foreign packagings. The Committee also agreed to monitor a developing situation of counterfeit markings on packagings (ie, markings applied to unqualified packagings and contents by unknown manufacturers). COSTHA members will reconvene in Alexandria, VA, January 9-10, 2018 for Committee updates and regulatory presentations.

Cork vs Screw Cap Debate Continues

October 10th, 2017 by Dean Ricker

Filed under: Skolnik Newsletter, Wine

The pop of a cork is a celebrated sound across the world, but new research has found that the sound of a cork popping can actually make us think our wine tastes better. The first of its kind, the study was designed by Professor Charles Spence of Oxford University’s Crossmodal Research Laboratory, and looked to test whether the sound and sight of a cork-stopped and screw-capped wine being opened would influence the perception of the wine inside the bottle. 140 participants were asked to try two identical wines, and give them ratings after having been played the sound of a cork popping, then again after having heard a screwcap being opened. They were then asked to actually open both bottles and rate the wines again. Overall, participants rated the same wine as 15% better quality when served under a cork than a screwcap. The wine under a cork was also rated as more appropriate for a celebration (+20%) and more inciting of a celebratory mood (+16%). The cork versus screwcap debate has raged in the wine industry for decades, with experts, sommeliers and producers from across the world deeply divided in their opinions. This experiment is the first empirical demonstration that a cork closure provides a more positive drinking experience. While some wine experts have criticized cork due to the occurrence of the chemical compound TCA, huge advancements in technology in recent years have brought the number of wines affected by TCA down to between 0.8% and 1.2%. As such, top winemakers across the world are increasingly choosing cork as their closure of choice, with 7 out of 10 wine bottles now sealed with a natural cork. Click here to see our complete line of Stainless Steel Wine Barrels.

$54,000 Penalty due to Improper Closure

September 26th, 2017 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat, Safety, Skolnik Newsletter

WASHINGTON — Proper closure of packagings is critical to insure the safe transport of contents that are classified as dangerous goods. Failure to comply with these regulations can lead to significant fines from Federal agencies. On July 28th, 2017 the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposed a $54,000 civil penalty against the Carboline Company of St. Louis for allegedly violating the Hazardous Materials Regulations.

The FAA alleges that on Sept. 15, 2016, Carboline offered a cardboard box containing two pails of flammable paint to FedEx for overnight delivery from St. Louis to Elmendorf, Texas. On Sept. 16, 2016, the package was transported on a FedEx flight from Memphis to San Antonio. Workers at the FedEx sorting center in San Antonio discovered the shipment was leaking. No clips had been used to secure the lids on the cans. Furthermore, the FAA alleges that the shipment was not accompanied by a shipper’s declaration of dangerous goods, and was not properly classed, described, marked or labeled. The FAA further alleges Carboline failed to properly package the shipment to prevent a release of hazardous materials under normal transportation conditions. Additionally, the FAA alleges Carboline failed to provide emergency response information with the shipment. Carboline has the opportunity to respond to the agency.
Closure Instructions are critical to a complaint shipment. View the Closure instructions for Skolnik drums here.

FAA Reconsiders Laptops in Luggage

September 19th, 2017 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat, Industry News, Safety, Skolnik Newsletter

As a result of recent security measures which involved the potential of prohibiting the carriage of Personal Electronic Devices (PEDs) larger than a cellphone or smartphone in the cabin on flights from certain points of departure into the U.S.; one option was for passengers to place their large PEDs into their checked baggage if they wanted to transport them on these flights. This option would have created an unexpected increase in the number of lithium battery-powered devices in the cargo compartment of passenger aircraft. It was noted that there was little research data available on the behavior, effects and risks associated with PEDs being placed in a passenger’s checked baggage. Except for loose batteries and e-cigarettes in checked baggage, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) does not have significant incident data on passenger PEDs in checked baggage. To address the lack of sufficient research data on the behavior and effects of a large number of PEDs placed in the cargo hold on passenger aircraft, the Fire Safety Branch at the FAA Technical Center conducted tests to assess the potential hazards from the carriage of laptop computers and other large PEDs in checked baggage. Included was research to identify possible risk mitigation options. The objectives of the testing were to: 1) Determine the relative effectiveness of the cargo compartment Halon 1301 fire suppression system against the potential fire scenarios involving devices containing lithium batteries now carried as checked baggage; and 2) Determine whether there are potential mitigation options, such as the use of enhanced packaging to contain flames and gas from spreading outside a package.

The specific tests reflect cargo compartment loading procedures in use by air carriers affected by the security policy. Discussion: The FAA Tech Center has conducted tests utilizing fully charged laptop computers inside suitcases. The suitcases were all soft sided but varied in the density and types of items inside, as well as, the construction of the outer case. A heater was placed against a lithium ion cell in the battery of a laptop to force it into thermal runaway. The results of this test condition yielded the most troubling results. As a result of this, it was concluded that if a PED is packed in a suitcase with permitted hazardous materials and a thermal runaway event occurs, there is the potential for the resulting event to exceed the capabilities of the airplane to cope with it. Although most consumer PEDs (including but not limited to cell phones, smart phones, personal digital assistants (PDA) devices, electronic games, tablets, laptop computers, cameras, camcorders, watches, calculators) containing batteries are allowed in carry-on and checked baggage, the FAA believes that there is a very low frequency of lithium battery-powered devices being voluntarily transported in checked baggage. The FAA’s belief is largely based on the understanding that most passengers prefer keeping their devices on their persons to use, during flight or to prevent loss or theft in transit. With regard to the safety risk posed by PEDs, the ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (the Technical Instructions) recommend that these devices be carried in the cabin on the basis that, should a PED initiate a fire, the cabin crew can expeditiously identify the incident, take appropriate firefighting action, and monitor the device for possible re-ignition.

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