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Drum It Up! Steel Drum Industry News, Trends, and Issues

Posts Tagged ‘hazmat transport’

A Brief Look at U.N. and DOT Hazmat Packaging Classes & Codes

March 31st, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat

Skolnik drums are built thicker, stronger and heavier to exceed industry standards and ensure an unrivaled level of quality and U.N. packaging compliance. Laws and regulations governing the use, handling, shipping and storage of hazardous materials differ depending on the intended transport or activity of the material and the material itself. It can be a lot to keep track of, but at Skolnik, we keep a steady hand on the pulse of DOT and UN Packaging regulations so our customers can rest assured that their containers are compliant and their materials, facilities and staff are safe.

DOT and UN regulations are particularly stringent when it comes to hazardous materials. The term hazardous material, or hazmat, is used almost exclusively in the United States. Internationally, these materials are known as “dangerous goods.” Dangerous goods are any solid, liquid or gas that can harm people, other living organisms, property or the environment.

There are numerous organizations tasked with governing the use, storage and, especially, the transportation of dangerous goods. Some of the most widely applied and adhered to regulations come from The Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods of the UN Economic and Social Council and the appropriate regional or international transportation agency (e.g. the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Maritime Organization and/or our very own U.S. Department of Transportation).

The U.S. DOT follows the UN regulation model, dividing dangerous goods into nine classes, sub divisions and requiring such materials to be properly labeled and transported in specific packaging. The major UN hazard classes are as follows:

  • Explosives

  • Gases

  • Flammable Liquids

  • Flammable Solids

  • Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides

  • Toxic Materials and Infectious Substances

  • Radioactive Materials

  • Corrosives

  • Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods

Trailers and transport containers are usually marked with a four digit UN code number indicating the nature of their contents to any first responders in case of emergency. Not all countries use precisely the same label and coding protocol in their national regulations, so it is important to refer to the Dangerous Goods Transportation Regulations of the country of interest to ensure your materials are properly labeled and packaged. At Skolnik, UN packaging and compliance is always a top priority. You can be confident that if it is a Skolnik barrel, it will meet all necessary DOT and UN regulations and then some.

Trust the Strength of Steel for Hazmat Transport

March 8th, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat

There are a lot of requirements and questions that go into choosing the correct drum or container for the job, and that goes double for choosing the correct drum or container for the shipping and transportation of hazardous materials. The first of those questions is “what material container do I need?” If your container needs to travel by plane, train, or automobile (or ships too!) Skolnik’s steel hazmat drums are your friend.

Think about it this way, airplanes, ships, freight trains, and trucks are made of metal. They are specifically engineered to withstand the pressure put on them by increased altitude and turbulence, the raucous waves and long journeys. You’d be rightfully hesitant to board a plastic aircraft. So why would you trust a plastic or fiber container to safely contain hazardous materials at 39,000 feet? Or a plastic container knocking about in the middle of the ocean? Or hitting potholes on the road? Skolnik steel hazmat containers are specifically engineered to withstand the pressure and variables of air, sea and land travel. Whether you are transporting hazardous liquids, solids or gels, steel is strong, durable and equipped for the job.

The UN and DOT have strict regulations when it comes to the safety and construction of aircrafts, ships and vehicles, it is no wonder they have strict regulations when it comes to the transportation and shipment of hazardous materials via those vessels. All Skolnik steel drums under-go rigorous UN and DOT testing for their intended uses. You can trust a steel hazmat drum from Skolnik to meet, or even exceed, any imposed agency standards and carry your materials safely and securely from point A to point B.

To Overpack or Not to Overpack?

February 18th, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Safety, Salvage Drum

No matter what you need to contain, store and/or ship, the Skolnik team is standing by to help. We know our drums and the UN and DOT regulations pertaining to the storage and transportation of various materials inside and out. Our team takes pride in guiding customers new and old toward the best possible container and product for their unique needs. A big part of proper planning is being prepared for when the plan fails. This is where overpack comes in handy.

Even the best laid plans need a back-up plan. Overpacked salvage drums are the perfect back-up companions. Whether you are transporting a damaged or non-compliant drum or just want to safeguard containers that you fear may rupture during transport, overpack your salvage drums for extra-protection buddies.

Think of Skolnik’s overpacked salvage drums as a big brother to your materials. Sure, we can be overprotective, but if something happens, you’re more than happy we tagged along on the journey. Salvage drums are just a little extra protection to give you a little extra peace of mind as your precious product sits in storage or travels cross country.

Not sure what drum is right for your job? Give us a call, we’re happy to help!

Regulations and Secondary Spill Containment

February 4th, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: HazMat

The transportation and storage of hazardous materials is a tricky business. There are loads of regulations from the UN, the Department of Transportation and others, and failure to meet those regulations can result in a hefty fine and property, environmental or physical damage due to a leak. Skolnik Industries takes great care to ensure that all of our drums are perfectly suited for their intended contents and meet all necessary regulations. An important and popular safety measure used for the transportation and storage of hazardous materials is a secondary containment system.

Of course, secondary containers have their own set of regulations. Here are a few of the main points of regulations surrounding secondary containment:

 

  1. Strength and durability

Your secondary containment system must be impervious and free of cracks or gaps. It’s recommended that you inspect your containment system regularly (especially if you are storing materials for an extended period of time). Any damage to the sump or the containment unit itself can lead to system failure and a leak.

Obviously, your containment system should be chemically compatible with whatever liquids might come in contact with it. Skolnik can help guide you to proper materials and containment for your contents.

  1.  Sloped or draining

Your secondary containment system must include a slope or be specifically designed to efficiently remove any liquid spilling or leaking from the primary unit inside. Primary containers cannot sit in their own waste. A popular solution to this regulation is to raise the secondary containers on grates, decking or wood pallets or adding a drain to your secondary containment unit. That way, any leaking fluid can be directed away to the sump to be collected.

  1. Capacity

According to regulations, secondary containment systems “must have sufficient capacity to contain at least 10% of the total volume of the primary containers or 100% of the volume of the largest container, whichever is greater”

That’s a lot of capacity, but also a lot of math! These are just the federal containment regulations, so make sure you work with Skolnik to ensure your containment capacity meets any state-level regulations as well.

  1. Mother Nature-resistant

Your secondary containment system must be impervious to the weather — specifically, precipitation. If any rainwater or other precipitation can get into the secondary containment system, your capacity must be sufficient enough to contain the additional volume. Remember all of that math? If you don’t want to have to add predicting the weather to your to-do list, it might be easier to just keep the weather out.

That said, any rainwater or snowmelt that enters the sump of your secondary containment is also taking up capacity in your system. Take care to implement a system that won’t overflow.

  1. Waste Removal

Any waste or precipitation that has spilled or leaked into the secondary containment area must be removed in a timely manner to prevent overflow. It’s no surprise that a huge part of a secondary containment system is maintaining the cleanliness, integrity and capacity of that system.

 

In the end, your secondary spill containment is a safety measure. In an ideal world, your primary container will remain unscathed and strong. But, in the event of a spill or leak, you want (and need) to have your bases covered. We at Skolnik are here to help make sure you always have the most effective and compliant containers for your specific materials, whether they are hazardous materials or not.