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Industrial Packaging for Critical Contents

Drum It Up! Steel Drum Industry News, Trends, and Issues

Posts Tagged ‘salvage drum’

Overpack Salvage Drums not Recommended for Primary Shipment

June 25th, 2018 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Salvage Drum

Salvage drums have long been used as overpacks for the efficient and effective transport of damaged, defective or leaking containers. However, according to the DOT, salvage drums are NOT to be used as a secondary container, or overpack, for a primary shipment.

Rather, an overpack salvage drum should only be used for damaged, defective, leaking or non-compliant packagings that are discovered after having been placed in transportation.

In 1998, the ‘T’ Salvage drum became the United Nations’ recommended salvage packaging for international use. It is most commonly an 85 US gallon capacity. To bear the UN certification, overpack salvage drums are rigorously tested. They must be able to be dropped 1.2 meters (4 feet) on its most critical orientation without leaking and pass a 30 kPa overall Leakproofness Test. However, while they are certified to hold non-compliant packages in transport, the DOT recommends that, once overpacked in a salvage drum, a non-compliant container should be routed to a facility for disposal or re-containment. You can never be too careful.

And remember, traditional overpack drums are designed to protect non-leaking containers or to be used in a combination pack, they are not certified to hold damaged/non-compliant containers.

What Are UN Packing Groups?

November 27th, 2017 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Salvage Drum

All of our products here at Skolnik have been rigorously tested to meet every relevant safety standard required for each of their uses. One such regulation standard that containers such as our overpack salvage drums have is a UN marking, providing valuable information about the contents of the drums. While they can be a bit mystifying, we have resources to help answer questions about those markings, and once explained, most of these make sense. Right in the middle of the code there is, however, a letter designation that perhaps needs more elaboration: the X, Y, or Z of the UN Packing Group.

Each letter describes which of groups I, II and III the container is appropriate for. These groups identify the hazard level of the package, with each groups then representing three levels of danger: I is the highest, II is a medium hazard, and III is the lowest rating.Thus, the letter on the salvage drum establishes what level of protection the container provides and what products can be stored in them.

While this letter may be enough information for day to day operations, this leaves one last question still unaddressed: how does the UN determine what is low, medium, and high danger?

The answer to this is found in the very dry and technical Manual of Tests and Criteria, in which UN details their elaborate testing process for various types of materials. Throughout the graphs and charts, one can find that all explosives are assigned to group II. Or if handling flammable liquids, according to the manual, anything that has a flash point greater than 23 degrees Celsius but less than 60.5 degrees is in group III. There are specifications for substances liable to spontaneous combustion, and for ones that, when in contact with water, emit flammable gases. Multiple types of hazards are examined, quantified, and categorized according to how quickly they explode, burn, or corrode.

So, as it turns out, there is elaborate, methodical and thorough science behind these threat-level groups. These categorizations then go on to inform how the materials ought to be stored. While that’s a bit of a reassuring no-brainer, details such as these can easily be overlooked and taken for granted in the hustle and bustle of shipping logistics. Whether you’re trying to decide which Skolnik brand overpack salvage drum is most appropriate for your needs, or have used the same Skolnik brand overpack salvage drum for years, having a fuller appreciation of the container and its components can provide you with the confidence that you’re making the right choices in your business.

Liquids-Certified Overpack Drum

June 13th, 2017 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Salvage Drum

Using a drum that has been tested and certified to hold your particular contents is crucial. If you came to this post looking for details on an overpack container for your liquids, we are sorry to disappoint. Despite the post title, there is no such thing as a liquids-certified overpack drum. Why? Well, that answer is pretty clear once you think about it.

An overpack is a container that makes handling a package more convenient or consolidates two packages that are not leaking. It is designed to hold another container. That other container is considered a solid, regardless of what it is holding inside. Overpack drums are often used in multi-pack situations too. In all cases, the overpack technically contains a solid.

But what if you want to use an overpack drum to contain a liquids-certified package that is leaking? You shouldn’t. Overpack drums are not certified for liquids or to hold damaged packages. The container inside an overpack must be intact, if it is damaged, defective or leaking you must use a salvage drum.

Some sources use the terms overpack and salvage interchangeably, but they are not the same. We have previous blogs that cover the differences between salvage drums and overpack drums in more detail. One of the differences? There is such thing as a liquids-certified salvage drum.

The Many Styles of a 55 Gallon Barrel

April 17th, 2017 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

A mid-sized, sturdy container, the 55 gallon barrel or drum is far and away the most common size industrial container. This industrial workhorse can be found in facilities spanning industries and its uses are numerable. It is a favorite for storage and shipment of goods both commercial and hazardous in nature. It is durable, versatile, reusable and, at Skolnik, our customers love it so much that we’ve made it available in several varieties.

Options include:

55 Gallon Carbon Steel Drum — A durable heavy-duty package for storage and transportation of a variety of contents, including hazardous materials. ailable in open and tight head configurations.

55 Gallon 7A Type A Drum — Intended for use as shipping and storage containers for permissible radioactive materials. Available in carbon or stainless steel.

55 Gallon Lever Lock Closure Drum — An easy to seal and re-open drum that eliminates the need for closing tools. Available in open head carbon configurations and salvage styles.

55 Gallon Salvage Drum — Constructed of high quality carbon steel to meet the UN design type requirements for salvage containers. Tested for international standards and ready to go.

55 Gallon TIH (PIH) Overpack Drum — Tested for solids and certified according to UN criteria, these drums qualify as secure outer packaging for overpack situations.

55 Gallon Seamless/Crevice Free Drum — Perfect for situations requiring purity and compatibility of the materials, seamless drums are just that: seamless. Often used to contain acids, metal and pharmaceutical products or in food processing.

55 Gallon Stainless Steel Drum — A classic container, stainless steel drums can outperform carbon steel in terms of corrosion resistance, tensile strength and reusability.

55 Gallon Seamless/Process Drum — These straight-sided, seamless drums are uniquely suited for the pharmaceutical, food processing and personal care industries. They are available in stainless type 304 and 316.

55 Gallon Nitric Drum — These drums demonstrate exceptional resistance to oxidization and nitric acid and are most commonly used as process drums. Their materials and seamless construction enables them to meet high sanitary standards.

55 Gallon Stainless Steel Wine Barrels — For fermentation, aging or storing wines. Stainless steel wine barrels are corrosion resistant, reusable, easy to sanitize and preserve the taste of wines without altering their flavor.

These are some of the drums we currently manufacture in a 55 gallon size. If, for whatever reason, you don’t see a drum that fits the materials or configuration you need, please don’t hesitate to reach out — Skolnik’s engineers are happy to create custom containers that fit your exacting standards. The 55 gallon size barrels and drums are so versatile and useful, the Skolnik team couldn’t resist manufacturing it in a multitude of styles.