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Drum It Up! Steel Drum Industry News, Trends, and Issues

Posts Tagged ‘shipping drums’

Unpacking UN Ratings: The 1A2 Drum

September 22nd, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat

The shipping and transportation of dangerous goods or hazardous materials is a tightly regulated process — and rightly so! You wouldn’t want to be on an aircraft or train or sharing the roads with just any old material packaged any old way. These materials require a special container that meets criteria set by the DOT and the UN. And, it is the responsibility of the shipper to choose the correct packaging for their materials.

At Skolnik Industries, we’re always happy to help our customers select the best container for their needs. To start, let’s take a look at UN ratings and what they mean.

Many of our products UN rating begins with a 1A, we’ll talk about why that is in a moment, but for the sake of this exploration let’s say that you worked with the team at Skolnik and we discerned that you need a container with a 1A2/X60/S UN rating for your hazardous materials.

First, you’re in luck, Skolnik has several hazardous waste containers that fit that specification.

But what do those numbers mean?

 

Well, the 1 refers to the fact that it is a drum, not a wooden barrel, box, bag or some other type of container.

Here are the UN codes for other containers:

1 – drum

2 – wooden barrel

3 – jerrican

4 – box

5 – bag

6 – composite receptacle

7 – pressure receptacle

 

The following letter tells us the material of the container, in this case an A for steel.

Other material codes:

A – steel

B – aluminum

C – natural wood

D – plywood

E – reconstituted wood

G – fiberboard

H – plastic

L – textile

M – paper, multiwall

N – metal other than steel or aluminum

P – glass, porcelain or stoneware

 

So far we’ve determined that we need a steel drum, our specialty! But what about the second number? This number refers to the drum head. The 2 means that it is an open head drum. (A closed-head drum would be marked with a 1).

We’ve cracked the first part of the code: we need a 1A2 container, or a steel, open head drum!

If you want to dig deeper, our example UN rating was 1A2/X60/S – so what are the other parts?

 

The X designation tells us what level of hazardous materials your packaging can be used for. The rating is either an X, Y or Z. Packing group I is the most hazardous and packing group III is the least.

X – covers hazardous packing group I, II or III

Y – covers packing groups II and III only

Z – covers packing group III only

What a versatile drum we’ve chosen!

 

That next number refers to the maximum gross mass the container has been tested to handle, in our example 60kg. The final S indicates that this is the UN rating for solids for this container (Liquids ratings differ in that they communicate the maximum specific gravity of liquid that the container has been tested to hold instead of mass, liquid ratings also indicate the maximum hydrostatic pressure the container can hold).
So there you have it, when we say you need a 1A2 drum, that means it is a steel, open head drum – the remaining code elements tell you what your container is safe to carry.

A Brief Look at U.N. and DOT Hazmat Packaging Classes & Codes

March 31st, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat

Skolnik drums are built thicker, stronger and heavier to exceed industry standards and ensure an unrivaled level of quality and U.N. packaging compliance. Laws and regulations governing the use, handling, shipping and storage of hazardous materials differ depending on the intended transport or activity of the material and the material itself. It can be a lot to keep track of, but at Skolnik, we keep a steady hand on the pulse of DOT and UN Packaging regulations so our customers can rest assured that their containers are compliant and their materials, facilities and staff are safe.

DOT and UN regulations are particularly stringent when it comes to hazardous materials. The term hazardous material, or hazmat, is used almost exclusively in the United States. Internationally, these materials are known as “dangerous goods.” Dangerous goods are any solid, liquid or gas that can harm people, other living organisms, property or the environment.

There are numerous organizations tasked with governing the use, storage and, especially, the transportation of dangerous goods. Some of the most widely applied and adhered to regulations come from The Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods of the UN Economic and Social Council and the appropriate regional or international transportation agency (e.g. the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Maritime Organization and/or our very own U.S. Department of Transportation).

The U.S. DOT follows the UN regulation model, dividing dangerous goods into nine classes, sub divisions and requiring such materials to be properly labeled and transported in specific packaging. The major UN hazard classes are as follows:

  • Explosives

  • Gases

  • Flammable Liquids

  • Flammable Solids

  • Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides

  • Toxic Materials and Infectious Substances

  • Radioactive Materials

  • Corrosives

  • Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods

Trailers and transport containers are usually marked with a four digit UN code number indicating the nature of their contents to any first responders in case of emergency. Not all countries use precisely the same label and coding protocol in their national regulations, so it is important to refer to the Dangerous Goods Transportation Regulations of the country of interest to ensure your materials are properly labeled and packaged. At Skolnik, UN packaging and compliance is always a top priority. You can be confident that if it is a Skolnik barrel, it will meet all necessary DOT and UN regulations and then some.

To Overpack or Not to Overpack?

February 18th, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Safety, Salvage Drum

No matter what you need to contain, store and/or ship, the Skolnik team is standing by to help. We know our drums and the UN and DOT regulations pertaining to the storage and transportation of various materials inside and out. Our team takes pride in guiding customers new and old toward the best possible container and product for their unique needs. A big part of proper planning is being prepared for when the plan fails. This is where overpack comes in handy.

Even the best laid plans need a back-up plan. Overpacked salvage drums are the perfect back-up companions. Whether you are transporting a damaged or non-compliant drum or just want to safeguard containers that you fear may rupture during transport, overpack your salvage drums for extra-protection buddies.

Think of Skolnik’s overpacked salvage drums as a big brother to your materials. Sure, we can be overprotective, but if something happens, you’re more than happy we tagged along on the journey. Salvage drums are just a little extra protection to give you a little extra peace of mind as your precious product sits in storage or travels cross country.

Not sure what drum is right for your job? Give us a call, we’re happy to help!

Packing & Stacking: The 30 Gallon Drum

August 20th, 2015 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, Safety

The 55 gallon drum might be the most popular, or at least the most ubiquitous, but that doesn’t mean it is perfect for every situation. The 30 gallon steel drum stands at just over 26 inches tall and is the perfect size vessel for a myriad of situations.

First and foremost, this smaller but mighty container is the perfect fit for travel. They can be stored easily and securely in the sensitive environment that is the belly of an airborne plane. The 30 gallon is also used in ground and sea transport – its small size and stackability allows many barrels to fit in a limited space. If you’ve got a small warehouse with a finite amount of space for storage: the 30 gallon is your friend there too.

The 30 gallon drum is an important part of ‘next day shipping.’ The small size of the drum paired with its strength makes it a safe and economical choice for expedited or long term shipping. Especially the 30 gallon salvage drum. The shipping industry is loaded with requirements and roadblocks, the 30 gallon salvage drum readily equips you for the journey ahead, and the unexpected bumps along the way.

That is the glory of the 30 gallon steel drum – it is small without sacrificing any integrity. It is just as strong and well-engineered as the larger drums. It can be customized to fit whatever regulations or requirements that face you and it is ready to squeeze its way into your life and favorite containers list.