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Drum It Up! Steel Drum Industry News, Trends, and Issues

Posts Tagged ‘shipping’

Safe Lithium Battery Containment

June 23rd, 2017 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, Industry News

Lithium-ion batteries are the most commonly used batteries in consumer electronics and medical devices today, and they have been exploding. For all of the benefits and conveniences, lithium batteries have offered consumers — higher power density, lower memory effect, long life — they have a number of downsides and risks. Their sensitivity can lead to an explosion and, for this reason, they are considered “dangerous goods” and are banned from commercial aircraft.

The result is a kink in the supply line and, for those who rely on medical devices powered by lithium batteries, more than a mild inconvenience. At present, these batteries are only permitted on cargo aircraft and cargo planes only fly to large airports. As a result, the batteries cannot get to their final destinations.

The world isn’t going to suddenly stop needing lithium ion batteries anytime soon, so this is a puzzle that needs a solution. But, you know what they say: Necessity is the mother of invention. Skolnik Industries and Labelmaster have been working together to devise a package that can safely contain spent lithium ion batteries for bulk transport. This overpack package would serve as a multi-pack solution for the batteries as well as a secondary spill containment measure should the batteries be compromised in transit.

While it is always a pleasure to work with our friends at Labelmaster, we’re eager to find a safe and strong solution to this problem. The project cannot be completed until the DOT releases its final testing requirements for these package types, and, as with all Skolnik Industries products, this lithium battery-safe overpack container would be rigorously tested to meet all pertinent DOT regulations.

Once the regulations are set, we look forward to providing shippers and manufacturers with a safe, efficient solution to lithium battery containment, and helping alleviate the delay for those who need battery replacements for their medical devices.

From 5 Gallons, to 30 Gallons to 110 Gallons — The Many Sizes and Uses of Skolnik Steel Drums

February 2nd, 2017 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

Plants, factories and facilities in many industries use steel drums in their processes. There are numerous uses for steel drums in manufacturing plants and industries — some use steel drums for bulk storage, some for transport, some for waste collection, and more. Part of our job at Skolnik is to ensure that our customers are ordering the right size, material and gauge drum for their particular use. Which brings us to our next point — Skolnik manufactures drums that vary in size/volume from 5 gallons to 110 gallons.

How do you know what size is appropriate or efficient for your use? Well, there are a lot of factors that go into choosing the right drum for your unique situation, but here are a few common industries and uses for each of Skolnik’s drum sizes.

5 Gallon — The smallest barrel in the Skolnik product line, our 5 gallon drum comes in carbon steel and stainless steel. The 5 gallon stainless steel drum is most commonly used and recommended for wine making.

8 Gallon — Skolnik makes 8 gallon drums in carbon steel and stainless steel and offers salvage drums in this size. This compact drum is used in a variety of applications — from packaging cosmetics and oils, to storing hazardous materials and military munitions. Small, mighty and UN certified, the 8 gallon drum is a versatile choice for customers who require more mobility from their drums.

10 Gallon — Commercial clients have found numerous uses for the Skolnik 10 gallon drum — available in carbon steel, stainless steel, nitric, salvage drum and overpack options. Wine, dangerous goods, spill containment — the 10 gallon drum has seen it all. These drums are easy to ship or use for storage in facilities that need to be able to easily move storage drums.

15 Gallon —  Manufactured upon request, the 15 gallon drum gives our clients extra flexibility in shipping, containment and storage situations. Our engineers customize 15 gallon steel drums to meet your requirements.

20 Gallon — A convenient size for liquids and solids and less cumbersome for shipping, the Skolnik 20 gallon drum is available in carbon steel, stainless steel, seamless, process, salvage and overpack configurations. Our most popular 20 gallon drum is a salvage drum used for spill control.

30 Gallon — The 30 gallon drum is a dynamic and excellent choice for a wide range of industrial and commercial purposes. Many Skolnik clients use our 30 gallon option to package wine, syrup, pharmaceuticals and more. Small and mobile, but large enough for many shipping and packaging situations, the 30 gallon drum is Skolnik’s ‘goldilocks’ drum. A 30 gallon steel drum, whether made from carbon or stainless steel, is just right for shipping smaller product quantities, shipping more drums to multiple locations or just storing large but manageable quantities of product. Overpack, salvage, type A, seamless, process and wine drum configurations available.

40 Gallon — Manufactured upon request, Skolnik 40 gallon drums are made to your exact specifications — whether your business has commercial products or dangerous goods in need of safe packaging and shipment.

55 Gallon  — The most popular size drum, the 55 US gallon steel drum (or 45 Imperial gallon steel drum) is your best pal for most every packaging, storage and shipping situation. Dangerous goods, combustibles, munitions, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, whatever you need, our engineers can provide you with a Skolnik 55 gallon drum that is ready to serve.

85 Gallon — A bit large, 85 gallon steel drums are more useful for storage use cases than transportation. Our 85 gallon salvage drum recognized as the world product leader for disposing of hazardous materials or containing damaged or non-compliant packages.

110 Gallon — The 110 gallon steel drum is the largest standard drum manufactured by Skolnik. These drums meet all applicable UN and DOT certifications for the transportation of hazardous goods and are most commonly used in overpack and salvage drum uses.


As you can see, there are a vast range of Skolnik steel drums for a vast range of commercial and industrial uses. We don’t play favorites, but the most popular and versatile drums are likely the 30 gallon, 55 gallon and 85 gallon sizes. Contact Skolnik today to discuss your needs and request a quote. We look forward to outfitting you with the strongest, safest and most secure drum for your unique situation.

Overpack Container Regulations At-A-Glance

January 5th, 2017 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat, Salvage Drum

An overpack drum is a type of protective packaging manufactured to contain non-hazardous or hazardous materials or provide outer protection for another container to prevent or mitigate damage. At its most basic definition, an overpack is simply a large container in which another smaller container can be placed. Overpacks can be made out of any material — such as Skolnik’s steel overpack drums. The Department of Transportation (DOT) regulates the movement of all hazardous materials and have specific performance standards that overpack containers must meet.

Not to be confused with Salvage Drums or Salvage Overpack Drums, Overpacks are designed to protect non-leaking containers or to be used as a combination pack.

Because they are designed to provide additional protection, they are built stronger and must meet more stringent requirements than other containers.

So what are a few of those regulations?

  • Overpack containers must always have a UN marking on them that specifies the type of hazardous materials it is certified to contain.
  • An overpack will never have a liquids rating because it is designed to hold another container — a solid. Regardless of what the inner package contains, the overpack technically contains a solid.
  • The container inside an overpack must be intact — if the container is damaged, defective or leaking you must use a salvage drum.

Salvage drums, on the other hand, are certified to hold damaged, leaking or non-compliant containers and are held to even stricter regulations than overpack drums.

These are just a high level overview of the DOT’s overpack regulations. Remember that preparing hazardous materials for shipment can be complicated, and safety and compliance are key. Reserve the task of packing your hazardous materials for someone who has the appropriate DOT hazmat shipping training.

Skolnik Industries TIH (PIH) Overpack Drums range from a 20 gallon overpack to an 85 gallon overpack drum and are certified according to UN criteria and qualify as secure outer packaging. If you have any questions about using an overpack or salvage drum, don’t hesitate to ask your Skolnik representative.

Unpacking UN Ratings: The 1A2 Drum

September 22nd, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat

The shipping and transportation of dangerous goods or hazardous materials is a tightly regulated process — and rightly so! You wouldn’t want to be on an aircraft or train or sharing the roads with just any old material packaged any old way. These materials require a special container that meets criteria set by the DOT and the UN. And, it is the responsibility of the shipper to choose the correct packaging for their materials.

At Skolnik Industries, we’re always happy to help our customers select the best container for their needs. To start, let’s take a look at UN ratings and what they mean.

Many of our products UN rating begins with a 1A, we’ll talk about why that is in a moment, but for the sake of this exploration let’s say that you worked with the team at Skolnik and we discerned that you need a container with a 1A2/X60/S UN rating for your hazardous materials.

First, you’re in luck, Skolnik has several hazardous waste containers that fit that specification.

But what do those numbers mean?

 

Well, the 1 refers to the fact that it is a drum, not a wooden barrel, box, bag or some other type of container.

Here are the UN codes for other containers:

1 – drum

2 – wooden barrel

3 – jerrican

4 – box

5 – bag

6 – composite receptacle

7 – pressure receptacle

 

The following letter tells us the material of the container, in this case an A for steel.

Other material codes:

A – steel

B – aluminum

C – natural wood

D – plywood

E – reconstituted wood

G – fiberboard

H – plastic

L – textile

M – paper, multiwall

N – metal other than steel or aluminum

P – glass, porcelain or stoneware

 

So far we’ve determined that we need a steel drum, our specialty! But what about the second number? This number refers to the drum head. The 2 means that it is an open head drum. (A closed-head drum would be marked with a 1).

We’ve cracked the first part of the code: we need a 1A2 container, or a steel, open head drum!

If you want to dig deeper, our example UN rating was 1A2/X60/S – so what are the other parts?

 

The X designation tells us what level of hazardous materials your packaging can be used for. The rating is either an X, Y or Z. Packing group I is the most hazardous and packing group III is the least.

X – covers hazardous packing group I, II or III

Y – covers packing groups II and III only

Z – covers packing group III only

What a versatile drum we’ve chosen!

 

That next number refers to the maximum gross mass the container has been tested to handle, in our example 60kg. The final S indicates that this is the UN rating for solids for this container (Liquids ratings differ in that they communicate the maximum specific gravity of liquid that the container has been tested to hold instead of mass, liquid ratings also indicate the maximum hydrostatic pressure the container can hold).
So there you have it, when we say you need a 1A2 drum, that means it is a steel, open head drum – the remaining code elements tell you what your container is safe to carry.