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Drum It Up! Steel Drum Industry News, Trends, and Issues

Posts Tagged ‘skolnik steel’

Hot or Cold Rolled? The Differences Between Steel Types

May 31st, 2018 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

It should come as no surprise that we here at Skolnik take great care in the steel we use to make our barrels. In every size we offer, from 15 gallon drums to 110 gallon and everything in between, we carefully consider every decision of the process, and one of the first to make is whether to use hot rolled steel, or cold rolled. Despite sounding like coffee orders, these terms describe how the steel is handled early on, and has a big impact on the final outcome of our barrels.

Regardless of the type of rolling process the steel ultimately goes through, when it’s first created it’s shaped into an ingot, billet, bloom or slab; the different shapes and sizes of the still raw, semi-finished steel. From there, the steel is heated above 1700 degrees Fahrenheit, which breaks down the crystals that make up the metal’s natural state. From there, the malleable molten metal is pushed through a variety of wheels, or rollers, that form the metal into its next shape. This can be the “I” shape of a structural beam, the round shape of a rod, or the flat sheets that we eventually use in our drums.

If this is all the work done on the steel, it’s considered hot-rolled. The steel is left to cool and then shipped off to be used in a wide variety of applications. Because of this shorter production time, hot-rolled steel is cheaper than cold-rolled. The trade-off is that is has an unattractive scale on the outside from being heated and is less accurate in its dimensions due to the shrinking and warping that occurs as it cools. Cold-rolled steel, on the other hand, isn’t finished after its initial shaping, and the additional steps it goes through are what sets it apart from its hot-rolled counterpart.

Once it’s been cooled to room temperature, there are a variety of finishing steps that cold-rolled steel can go through in this cooler state, including additional passes through rollers to further shape it, annealing, tempering and surface grinding and polishing. By going through these extra steps, cold-rolled steel is a cleaner, more attractive, more resilient metal with more accurate dimensions than steel that has merely been hot-rolled.

Here at Skolnik we only use cold-rolled steel in our products. In order to insure the correct dimensions crucial for maintaining the quality and consistency of such products as our 15 gallon drums, cold-rolled steel is the appropriate choice. Not only that, but it’s also better at taking paints and finishes that we apply to our barrels, making sure the surfaces of each drum are up to our demanding standards. Of course, how the steel is rolled is only one of many decisions made on the path to an excellent barrel, but by making the right choices early on, we insure that we make the absolute best product for our customers.

The Various Devices of Secondary Containment

May 17th, 2018 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

A key component of properly storing and transporting hazardous liquids is to have secondary containment plans in case a spill happens. There are plenty of EPA regulations on secondary spill containment, and central to these rules is having the appropriate gear to keep you and your workers safe when the inevitable spill happens.

Here are a few broad categories of tools and containment devices that you can use in your efforts to prevent the problem before it can happen:

 

Containers

The most obvious solution to a potential spill from your primary container is to have a second container to catch what comes out. Depending on your needs, secondary containers can come in all sorts of shapes, sizes and material, usually metal or plastic. We here at Skolnik have a diverse line of secondary spill containers that are made of either stainless or carbon steel, depending on their compatibility with the materials you’re handling. They meet all applicable UN and DOT regulations, and are specifically labeled with multilingual logos for appropriate international transportation of leaking containers.

Elevated Pallets

As the name suggests, these pallets raise your primary container up off the ground with a tray that has grating on top. This creates a stable platform for your container that can catch spills inside the pallet for proper disposal on a later date. These are useful as temporary solutions and for easily recovering and reusing anything spilled.

Berms

A berm, or raised strip of material, creates a barrier on the floor surrounding the primary container, thus keeping anything spilled corralled into a manageable area for clean-up. These perimeter can be permanently incorporated into the construction of a factory, or temporarily deployed at the loading/unloading site when transporting materials.

Dikes

The opposite of a berm, dikes generate a perimeter by creating channels in the floor that will catch the spill. A common usage of these moats is on construction sites, where they are dug straight out of the ground for a fast and temporary solution for containment.

Slopes

Perhaps the least technologically advanced option, a simple sloped floor may turn out to be the most effective method of secondary containment. The main priority of all of these devices is to pull spills out and away from the primary container for easy, safe clean-up; something a sloped floor can achieve with ease. Usually, sloped floors are incorporated into a larger secondary spill containment system to increase the effectiveness of the other spill containment devices. In fact, depending on what else you’re using, it may be required by law to use them.

Drains and Sumps

Another device regularly added into a system to increase its safety and efficacy is either a drain or a sump. A drain is appropriate if it’s safe to dispose of the liquids you’re handling in your local sewage system. If it would be unsafe to drain the liquid, then you ought to explore sumps, which function similarly to a drain, except the liquids collect in a below ground reservoir instead.

 

Which spill containment device or strategy you use greatly depends on the properties of the material being stored/transported. Containing and addressing a dangerous material obviously comes with different considerations and regulations than a non-dangerous good. In addition to these devices, it’s also crucial to have a plan and the proper tools to control a spill after it happens, which means the appropriate absorbent materials, safety gear and training. Goggles, gloves, absorbent cloth, and first aid are just as important as secondary spill containers when it comes to keeping your workers safe.

 

Spills are an inevitable part of handling liquids at the industrial scale, but if you’re prepared for them, you’ll have the best chance at keeping accidents small. If you have any questions about secondary spill containment, the regulations surrounding it, or what system is the most appropriate for you, contact us here at Skolnik and we’d be happy to help!

 

Who Certifies the UN Certified Packaging?

December 19th, 2017 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, HazMat

Here at Skolnik, every material, design, and production process is carefully engineered to meet the safety standards set forth by the various regulatory bodies that keep a watchful eye on our industry. One such organization is the UN’s Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, the group in charge of the UN Certified Packaging label seen on many of our barrels. While we have written articles translating label components and even unpacking  specific elements, we have not yet examined who dictates these stringent standards.

The UN’s Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods is a subsidiary the UN’s Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Established in 1946, the ECOSOC is one of the six principal organs of the UN, along with such bodies as the General Assembly and Security Council. The ECOSOC has under it number of commissions which it coordinates, such as the Commission on Human Rights and the Commission on the Status of Women. One of the region-focused agencies is the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE). The ECE actually works with many countries not only in Europe, but across North America and Asia as well. It is within this commission that you’ll find the Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, aka the people in charge of the certified packaging label.

Quite a circuitous path through bureaucracy, but the committee is important for transportation regulations. In fact, the other major document they’re in charge of, the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), is an important building block for UN Certified Packaging. The GHS is the UN’s document that puts forth a set of consistent classifications and labelings for chemicals that is used internationally so that countries working with one another can communicate efficiently and accurately across geographic and lingual borders.

In turn, this common chemical language comes in handy when it comes to classifying and categorizing the packaging in which they can be stored. So, while there is plenty that the committee does, it all is in the service of ensuring the safe transportation of potentially dangerous products.

Despite the relative obscurity of the organisation behind UN Certified Packaging, they play a very important role in the everyday operation of many different industries. We here at Skolnik certainly are grateful for the time, energy, and expertise they’ve put into giving our customers the peace of mind with the label we put on our products. Thanks UN!

From 5 Gallons, to 30 Gallons to 110 Gallons — The Many Sizes and Uses of Skolnik Steel Drums

February 2nd, 2017 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

Plants, factories and facilities in many industries use steel drums in their processes. There are numerous uses for steel drums in manufacturing plants and industries — some use steel drums for bulk storage, some for transport, some for waste collection, and more. Part of our job at Skolnik is to ensure that our customers are ordering the right size, material and gauge drum for their particular use. Which brings us to our next point — Skolnik manufactures drums that vary in size/volume from 5 gallons to 110 gallons.

How do you know what size is appropriate or efficient for your use? Well, there are a lot of factors that go into choosing the right drum for your unique situation, but here are a few common industries and uses for each of Skolnik’s drum sizes.

5 Gallon — The smallest barrel in the Skolnik product line, our 5 gallon drum comes in carbon steel and stainless steel. The 5 gallon stainless steel drum is most commonly used and recommended for wine making.

8 Gallon — Skolnik makes 8 gallon drums in carbon steel and stainless steel and offers salvage drums in this size. This compact drum is used in a variety of applications — from packaging cosmetics and oils, to storing hazardous materials and military munitions. Small, mighty and UN certified, the 8 gallon drum is a versatile choice for customers who require more mobility from their drums.

10 Gallon — Commercial clients have found numerous uses for the Skolnik 10 gallon drum — available in carbon steel, stainless steel, nitric, salvage drum and overpack options. Wine, dangerous goods, spill containment — the 10 gallon drum has seen it all. These drums are easy to ship or use for storage in facilities that need to be able to easily move storage drums.

15 Gallon —  Manufactured upon request, the 15 gallon drum gives our clients extra flexibility in shipping, containment and storage situations. Our engineers customize 15 gallon steel drums to meet your requirements.

20 Gallon — A convenient size for liquids and solids and less cumbersome for shipping, the Skolnik 20 gallon drum is available in carbon steel, stainless steel, seamless, process, salvage and overpack configurations. Our most popular 20 gallon drum is a salvage drum used for spill control.

30 Gallon — The 30 gallon drum is a dynamic and excellent choice for a wide range of industrial and commercial purposes. Many Skolnik clients use our 30 gallon option to package wine, syrup, pharmaceuticals and more. Small and mobile, but large enough for many shipping and packaging situations, the 30 gallon drum is Skolnik’s ‘goldilocks’ drum. A 30 gallon steel drum, whether made from carbon or stainless steel, is just right for shipping smaller product quantities, shipping more drums to multiple locations or just storing large but manageable quantities of product. Overpack, salvage, type A, seamless, process and wine drum configurations available.

40 Gallon — Manufactured upon request, Skolnik 40 gallon drums are made to your exact specifications — whether your business has commercial products or dangerous goods in need of safe packaging and shipment.

55 Gallon  — The most popular size drum, the 55 US gallon steel drum (or 45 Imperial gallon steel drum) is your best pal for most every packaging, storage and shipping situation. Dangerous goods, combustibles, munitions, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, whatever you need, our engineers can provide you with a Skolnik 55 gallon drum that is ready to serve.

85 Gallon — A bit large, 85 gallon steel drums are more useful for storage use cases than transportation. Our 85 gallon salvage drum recognized as the world product leader for disposing of hazardous materials or containing damaged or non-compliant packages.

110 Gallon — The 110 gallon steel drum is the largest standard drum manufactured by Skolnik. These drums meet all applicable UN and DOT certifications for the transportation of hazardous goods and are most commonly used in overpack and salvage drum uses.


As you can see, there are a vast range of Skolnik steel drums for a vast range of commercial and industrial uses. We don’t play favorites, but the most popular and versatile drums are likely the 30 gallon, 55 gallon and 85 gallon sizes. Contact Skolnik today to discuss your needs and request a quote. We look forward to outfitting you with the strongest, safest and most secure drum for your unique situation.