Drum It Up! Steel Drum Industry News, Trends, and Issues

Archive for August, 2020

UN Packagings and Design Re-Qualification – Substitutions Not Allowed

August 25th, 2020 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: DOT/UN, Safety, Skolnik Newsletter

UN packagings are fabricated and tested to specific levels of performance. These tests allow a manufacturer to mark the packaging with the appropriate testing criteria (ie: packing group, maximum gross weight, contents). Often, users innocently alter the integrity of the package by adding accessories (ie: a plastic liner) or by replacing accessories with different components (ie: closure ring, gasket) in which case, the certification of the package can be voided if not re-tested for qualification. “A different packaging” is defined in CFR49 178.601(c)(4) as a packaging that differs from a previously produced packaging in structural design, size, material of construction, wall thickness or manner of construction. Further design qualification testing is not required if the alterations to the packaging do not constitute “a different packaging.” Also, Closure Instructions are packaging specific and must be used only for the packagings as designated.

View our Closure Instruction videos at:

Bolt Ring — https://www.skolnik.com/bolt-ring-closure-instruction-video

Level Lock — https://www.skolnik.com/leverlock-open-head-closure-instruction-video

Fittings — www.skolnik.com/closed-head-closure-instruction-video

Overpack Drums in Many Sizes

August 21st, 2020 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

An overpack drum is a container used to provide protection or convenience in the handling of a package or to consolidate two or more packages. For an overpack drum to maintain compliance, the package(s) held within it can not be leaking or compromised. If you need to contain a leaking package, a salvage drum may be just the ticket. But an overpack drum is your friend for situations where you want to consolidate multiple packages or, perhaps, a package that is a burden to work with — something oblong in shape or difficult to handle or store.

At Skolnik, we manufacture overpack drums of all sizes, from a 20 gallon to an 85 gallon TIH (PIH) Overpack Drum. As with all of our drum materials and configurations, the 55 gallon overpack is exceedingly popular. But, what about if the package you want to contain is roughly the size of a 55 gallon drum, or if you need to contain a leaking 55 gallon drum? Well, that’s when a 65 gallon overpack or 65 gallon salvage overpack drum comes into play.

UN certified Overpack containers qualify as secure outer packaging. Because they are commonly used in multi-pack situations, larger size Overpack drums, such as the 65 gallon overpack, are quite popular. The 65 gallon overpack drum is a dynamic solution when you need a little more space than the traditional 55 gallon overpack drum allows.

Because they are designed to provide additional protection, overpack drums are built stronger and must meet more stringent requirements than other containers.

Many Skolnik customers call in search of Salvage Drums or Overpacks, and the conflation of the two is a common mistake. Thanks to our sales staff awareness, we are able to discern exactly which type of container our customers really need. If you have any questions about using an Overpack or Salvage Drum, don’t hesitate to contact our team.

PHMSA Extends Enforcement for the Transport of Sanitizing and Disinfecting Products

August 18th, 2020 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: DOT/UN, Industry News, Safety, Skolnik Newsletter

As the COVID-19 public health emergency continues, PHMSA is aware of the challenges that transportation companies are facing in providing personnel with necessary materials, such as hand sanitizers, that provide for protection of their health and safety and comply with government guidelines. Workplace locations like package sorting facilities, airport ramps, stations, and delivery vehicles often lack ready access to soap and water, resulting in an urgent need for sanitizing and disinfecting products.

As a result, PHMSA will extend its enforcement discretion for the transportation of any carrier transporting sanitizing and disinfecting materials on a motor vehicle for the purposes of protecting the health and safety of employees of the carrier. Transport of these products must also be in accordance with PHMSA’s April 20, 2020 Notice of Enforcement Discretion. The extended enforcement discretion will continue through October 31, 2020.

A Brief Examination of Open Top Stainless Steel Drums

August 17th, 2020 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

At Skolnik, we manufacture a whole range of configurations, linings and sizes of steel drums. Some days the options feel limitless. But, in terms of heads, there are just two types of drums: open head and tight head. 

An open head, also sometimes called an open top, stainless steel drum has a fully removable cover and is often favored in processing situations such as pharmaceutical, food, chemical or cosmetic processing. This is because the lid can be fully removed, granting full access to the interior of the drum, and, of course, because stainless steel is so durable and easy to sanitize between uses.

Open heads are best used for solids and viscous liquids. In addition to processing situations, they are often used for paint or even radioactive waste.

One of the most critical components of any drum closure is the cover gasket. Due to the size of an open top drums opening and thus the surface area of the materials at risk for exposure, it is especially crucial that operators take care when they are seating and sealing an open top stainless steel drum. We recommend always checking the gasket for irregularities first, then ensuring that it is properly seated into the cover groove. 

In almost any industry where contents are shipped or stored, drums are used. It is important to always make sure contents are being stored in the proper drum and that the drum is properly closed. Skolnik Industries is dedicated to providing exceptional quality and service, this includes insights on different drum configurations, certifications and instructions on proper closure practices. You can find more information on open head or open top stainless steel drums on our website.

French Researchers Unlock a Secret to Wine Bitterness: Oak Barrels

August 11th, 2020 by Jon Stein

Filed under: Skolnik Newsletter, Wine

In a recent article, in Wine Spectator’s “Unfiltered” newsletter, Collin Dreizen reports on a study, and a very unpleasant blind tasting, that reveals how one chemical compound in oak barrels may be the culprit for some less welcome flavors in wine.

Collin writes that: “Fans of full-bodied reds and spicy Chardonnays know they can, in part, thank oak barrels for the toasty, nutty vanilla flavors and smooth textures found in their favorite wines. But could wood be adding a bitter note to tipples? It makes sense: Oak imparts tannins, and tannins are astringent. In a recently published study, however, researchers from the University of Bordeaux focused on a different phenolic compound they believed to be the main culprit for barrel bitterness: coumarins. Where are they, how do they affect your wine—and can anything be done about them? With the help of taste-testers willing to try some very bitter potions, the scientists found some surprising answers.”

“Many plants, including oak trees, contain coumarins, compounds so caustic they can deter predators,” explained Dr. Delphine Winstel, the postdoctoral researcher whose thesis formed the basis of the study, published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry and titled the “Role of Oak Coumarins in the Taste of Wines and Spirits.”

But Winstel and her colleagues wanted to figure out which coumarins actually make it into oak barrels. They picked up some samples from the master coopers at Seguin-Moreau and successfully identified the five coumarins known to exist in oak—plus, one more, previously undetected. “It is always very satisfying to find a compound that had never been identified in wine,” Winstel told Unfiltered.

How much of a pucker do coumarins really pack in the glass, and at what levels are they detectable? To find out, the team hosted a more-acrid-than-usual blind tasting of coumarin-laced wine and spirit samples for a group of 22 trained tasters. With noses clipped to block the coumarins’ noxious odor, the panel dutifully tasted through. “I’m not sure that tasting bitter molecules in a hydro-alcoholic solution in the morning is the best pleasure in life,” Winstel observed. “But every panelist was diligent!”

Winstel’s group also analyzed 90 commercial wines for coumarin levels, plus some spirits: reds from Bordeaux and Burgundy, whites from the Loire and Alsace, Cognac vintages back to 1970, and more. They found higher coumarin levels in red wines than white, but beyond that, “there is no particular region or appellation that shows a higher level of all coumarins,” Winstel concluded.

Collin summarizes that: “While the team determined how much was too much when it comes to coumarins, and is closer to knowing how coumarin levels can vary between different trees and perhaps even barrels, there’s much work and unpleasant tasting yet to be done. But these new findings could still have a real effect on the wine industry. Vintners might one day work with coopers to limit the coumarin levels in their wines. And any discovery makes for a sweeter day in the world of wine.”

Here at Skolnik Industries, there’s no bitterness in our Stainless Steel Wine Barrels. Note that our stainless steel wine barrels are reusable, easy to clean, and recyclable at the end of their service life. Check out the full line of our Stainless Steel Wine Drums.