Drum It Up! Steel Drum Industry News, Trends, and Issues

Archive for the ‘Industry News’ Category

Is 304 SS Nitric Acid Stainless Steel?

February 26th, 2021 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

Used in woodworking, food cleaning and in the manufacturing of many fertilizers and polymers, Nitric Acid is a very strong oxidizing medium. Therefore, chromium content plays an important role in the corrosion resistance of the stainless steel. An assessment conducted by Girjija Suresh, V.R. Raju, U. Kamachi and R.K. Dayal and published in The International Journal of Corrosion Processes and Corrosion Control tested the effect of nitric acid concentrations ranging from 1 to 10 at varying temperatures on 304L Stainless Steel. Their results showed that the corrosion resistance of the material began to deteriorate at a concentration of 4N and at temperatures of 333K and above.

By regulation, nitric acid should be stored in 304 grade stainless steel drums. 304 is a medium grade stainless steel widely known as food grade stainless steel. The chromium content in nitric acid stainless steel containers prevent reaction between the acid and the container, thus preventing corrosion. At Skolnik, we offer 304 stainless steel containers in a variety of sizes and configurations including seamless or crevice-free containers to further prevent a reaction or bacteria accumulation in the crevice of the drum.

Nitric acid is classified as a Hazardous Material – it is imperative that this highly corrosive material be contained within a material and container certified to hold it.

Steel Open Head Drums

February 25th, 2021 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

Due to their durability and versatility, steel drums are among the most popular packaging solutions on the market. Available in a range of sizes and configurations, such as a stainless or carbon steel open head drum or tight head drum, and more, awareness about the advantages of steel drums only grows. 

According to a study by Data Bridge Market Research, the steel drum market is expected to reach 12.47 billion by 2027 growing at a growth rate of 5.51% during that forecast period. Every day the demand for cost efficient packaging grows and, alongside it, an increased usage of steel drums in bulk packaging as a solution that is both economical and ecologically friendly.

Just as the steel drum is popular among packaging solutions, the steel open head drum is popular within the steel drum category.

There are numerous configurations of an industrial container. An open head container, also called a 1A2 drum, has a fully removable cover secured with a lever lock or bolt ring closure. They’re popular due to the ease of access that an open head closure provides. Open head drums are most popular in situations where users need access to their contents — either for frequent addition or extraction. Skolnik’s lever lock closure steel open head drums are UN rated for solids and liquids, often being used for thicker liquids such as syrups, oils, glues, etc. 

On the subject of ‘popular packaging,’ the most popular size of a steel drum, open head or otherwise, is the classic 55 gallon steel drum. However, at Skolnik, we manufacture our open head and tight head drums in over 500 configurations, always to UN and DOT certification standards. So whether you need a 5 gallon steel open head drum or a 110 gallon steel open head drum, whether your contents require stainless or carbon steel or perhaps a special lining, Skolnik can help you secure the most appropriate and compliant container for your use.

What Is Type A Radioactive Packaging?

January 18th, 2021 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

According to a study from 2017, radioactive material accounts for a very small proportion of all dangerous material shipped each year. In the United States, the world’s largest producer of nuclear power, radioactive material only accounts for 1% of hazardous or dangerous goods shipped in a year. But even a small amount of radioactive material can have a tremendous impact if mishandled. It is therefore crucial to understand and utilize the appropriate, compliant methods and tools for transporting radioactive materials. Tools including Type A radioactive packaging.

Despite making up a seemingly small percentage of shipped goods, radioactive substances are used extensively in a multitude of industries including medicine, agriculture, research and manufacturing, non-destructive testing and minerals exploration. But Type A Radioactive Packaging isn’t a catch-all compliant packaging for radioactive materials. There is also Excepted, Industrial, Type B and Type C radioactive packaging. So what is Type A and when do you use it?

Type A packages are used for the transport of relatively small quantities of radioactive material. But just because they are meant for limited quantities, doesn’t mean they are designed for limited protection. Type A is used for small but mighty amounts of radioactive material. They are designed to mitigate and withstand an accident involving medium-activity materials such as medical or industrial radioisotopes and even some nuclear fuel materials. 

The ability to package nuclear fuel materials is crucial because transport is an integral part of the nuclear fuel cycle. Many nations that mine for nuclear fuel materials such as uranium don’t actually produce nuclear power, so this uranium is regularly being transported across borders by road, rail and ships, and even a small quantity can have a significant impact on the environment if not properly contained.

At Skolnik, we manufacture 7A Type A steel drums which are made of carbon or stainless steel and have been tested according to 7A Type A regulations. Our 7A Type A drums are intended for use as shipping and storage containers for these permissible radioactive materials, however it is the responsibility of the packager/shipper to certify that the package meets all applicable DOT 7A Type A requirements, as they are responsible for the understanding and proper containment of their materials.
For more information on the nuclear fuel cycle and the transport of nuclear materials, we recommend this 2017 in-depth breakdown from the World Nuclear Association.

Unpacking Drum Configurations: The 5 Gallon Open Head UN Rated Steel Drum

December 29th, 2020 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

In almost any industry where contents need to be shipped, drums are used. They are used for such a variety of industries and materials that, of course, there are seemingly endless configurations and certifications to suit. One very specific configuration is that of a 5 gallon open head UN rated steel drum. Before you pack up this drum, let’s unpack what all of these things mean.

Skolnik drums are available in sizes ranging from 5 to 110 gallons. The 5 gallon drum is the smallest barrel in the Skolnik product line. Available in carbon or stainless steel, the 5 gallon drum is most commonly used for winemaking as it is a perfect small size for testing out experimental batches of wine.

There are two types of ‘head’ configurations for a drum: an open head and a tight head. An open head drum has a removable cover and a seamed bottom. It is a popular choice for solids and viscous liquids.

What does it mean for a drum to be UN rated? Using the wrong container to transport or store goods, especially dangerous goods, puts many at risk. And so, there are a number of regulations surrounding the packaging and transportation industry to ensure manufacturers and shippers are utilizing the appropriate industrial containers for their contents. One of those governing bodies is the United Nations. For a drum to be UN rated it must be built, tested and certified to contain the liquid, solid, and/or dangerous materials it is intended for. UN drums are tested against drop, stac, leak and pressure standards.

At Skolnik, we not only rigorously test our drums to ensure they are UN rated and certified, we also consult with our customers to ensure they are getting the right drum for their materials and needs. Maybe that’s a 5 gallon open head un rated steel drum, or maybe it’s a different container, we’re here to help.

The Ins and Outs of Nitric Acid and Nitric Acid Shipping Containers

December 2nd, 2020 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Industry News

Every day, the shipping and transportation industry moves tons upon tons of containers all around the globe. Many of these containers hold dangerous goods and materials. Nitric acid, for example, is a highly corrosive mineral acid. It is poisonous and has strong oxidizing properties. All the same, it needs to be contained and shipped regularly because it is commonly used in industrial applications and daily life. Nitric acid is used in woodworking, food cleaning, and in the manufacturing of different fertilizers and several polymers, including polyurethane. And so, proper Nitric acid shipping containers are incredibly important.

As Nitric Acid is classified as a ‘Hazardous’ material, it is essential that it be contained safely in storage or transport. When containing any material, it is imperative that the container be compatible with the material – that means neither the material nor the container must be affected by direct contact between each other. A tricky thing when you are containing something as corrosive as Nitric acid.

Due to it’s high corrosion-resistance, stainless steel is popularly used for Nitric acid shipping containers. By regulation, nitric acid should be stored in a 304 grade stainless steel barrel. This is a medium grade stainless steel, also known widely as ‘food grade stainless steel’.

Stainless steel Nitric acid shipping containers prevent any reaction between the acid and the container. Furthermore, they are easy to safely vent and less inclined to ‘balloon’ from pressure build-up from the acid unlike plastic containers. And, because of stainless steel’s chromium content, they are resistant to corrosion unlike containers made from other metals.

At Skolnik, we also offer seamless Nitric acid shipping containers, also referred to as our seamless sanitary drums. These containers are completely crevice-free to further prevent the accumulation of unwanted bacteria in the crevice of conventional drum design (see illustration). These drums can be used for processing of SuperClean contents or for safe transport of the most aggressive chemicals, including Nitric Acid.

Report Issued by RIPA on US Reconditioning Activity

November 24th, 2020 by Howard Skolnik

Filed under: Associations, Industry News, Skolnik Newsletter

Reusable packagings continue to thrive in the global economy. To understand the breakdown of the usage of these packagings, the Reuseable Industrial Packaging Association (RIPA) has released a biennial report on industrial container reconditioning in the US. The report presents summary data on the annual production of reconditioned steel and plastic 55-gallon drums as well as 275- and 330-gallon composite “intermediate bulk containers” (IBCs). Data reported is for calendar year 2019. This report also profiles the container reconditioning industry in terms of industry practices, processes used, equipment used, employee training, markets served, customer service and regulatory compliance. The association last conducted a similar survey for calendar year 2017 as well as other surveys every 2 years preceding that date.

“We believe this biennial report is useful to RIPA members as well as other interested parties in seeing trends in production,” says Technical Director C.L. Pettit. The report can be used to benchmark other packaging businesses,” explained Pettit. “The RIPA study is the only one of its kind produced by the industry itself,” he added. Click here to see the entire report.