Drum It Up! Steel Drum Industry News, Trends, and Issues

Posts Tagged ‘barrel transport’

To Overpack or Not to Overpack?

February 18th, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Safety, Salvage Drum

No matter what you need to contain, store and/or ship, the Skolnik team is standing by to help. We know our drums and the UN and DOT regulations pertaining to the storage and transportation of various materials inside and out. Our team takes pride in guiding customers new and old toward the best possible container and product for their unique needs. A big part of proper planning is being prepared for when the plan fails. This is where overpack comes in handy.

Even the best laid plans need a back-up plan. Overpacked salvage drums are the perfect back-up companions. Whether you are transporting a damaged or non-compliant drum or just want to safeguard containers that you fear may rupture during transport, overpack your salvage drums for extra-protection buddies.

Think of Skolnik’s overpacked salvage drums as a big brother to your materials. Sure, we can be overprotective, but if something happens, you’re more than happy we tagged along on the journey. Salvage drums are just a little extra protection to give you a little extra peace of mind as your precious product sits in storage or travels cross country.

Not sure what drum is right for your job? Give us a call, we’re happy to help!

Regulations and Secondary Spill Containment

February 4th, 2016 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: HazMat

The transportation and storage of hazardous materials is a tricky business. There are loads of regulations from the UN, the Department of Transportation and others, and failure to meet those regulations can result in a hefty fine and property, environmental or physical damage due to a leak. Skolnik Industries takes great care to ensure that all of our drums are perfectly suited for their intended contents and meet all necessary regulations. An important and popular safety measure used for the transportation and storage of hazardous materials is a secondary containment system.

Of course, secondary containers have their own set of regulations. Here are a few of the main points of regulations surrounding secondary containment:

 

  1. Strength and durability

Your secondary containment system must be impervious and free of cracks or gaps. It’s recommended that you inspect your containment system regularly (especially if you are storing materials for an extended period of time). Any damage to the sump or the containment unit itself can lead to system failure and a leak.

Obviously, your containment system should be chemically compatible with whatever liquids might come in contact with it. Skolnik can help guide you to proper materials and containment for your contents.

  1.  Sloped or draining

Your secondary containment system must include a slope or be specifically designed to efficiently remove any liquid spilling or leaking from the primary unit inside. Primary containers cannot sit in their own waste. A popular solution to this regulation is to raise the secondary containers on grates, decking or wood pallets or adding a drain to your secondary containment unit. That way, any leaking fluid can be directed away to the sump to be collected.

  1. Capacity

According to regulations, secondary containment systems “must have sufficient capacity to contain at least 10% of the total volume of the primary containers or 100% of the volume of the largest container, whichever is greater”

That’s a lot of capacity, but also a lot of math! These are just the federal containment regulations, so make sure you work with Skolnik to ensure your containment capacity meets any state-level regulations as well.

  1. Mother Nature-resistant

Your secondary containment system must be impervious to the weather — specifically, precipitation. If any rainwater or other precipitation can get into the secondary containment system, your capacity must be sufficient enough to contain the additional volume. Remember all of that math? If you don’t want to have to add predicting the weather to your to-do list, it might be easier to just keep the weather out.

That said, any rainwater or snowmelt that enters the sump of your secondary containment is also taking up capacity in your system. Take care to implement a system that won’t overflow.

  1. Waste Removal

Any waste or precipitation that has spilled or leaked into the secondary containment area must be removed in a timely manner to prevent overflow. It’s no surprise that a huge part of a secondary containment system is maintaining the cleanliness, integrity and capacity of that system.

 

In the end, your secondary spill containment is a safety measure. In an ideal world, your primary container will remain unscathed and strong. But, in the event of a spill or leak, you want (and need) to have your bases covered. We at Skolnik are here to help make sure you always have the most effective and compliant containers for your specific materials, whether they are hazardous materials or not.

Choosing Your Drum: Open Head or Tight Head

October 15th, 2015 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, Stainless Steel

At Skolnik Industries, we provide our customers with countless options when it comes to customizing their drums. It’s crucial to us that your Skolnik steel drum is the exact fit for your needs. Among the options you’ll encounter when selecting/customizing your drum is the type of ‘head’.

There are two types of drum heads: tight head and open head. The tight head steel drum is, well, sealed tight. It has both ends seamed and no removable lid. You can only access the contents of a tight head steel drum through fittings.

An open head steel drum, however, has a removable cover and fully seamed bottom. Once you’ve determined an open-head steel drum is right for your materials, you’ll have to make more choices. First and foremost, the type of closure you desire: bolt or lever ring. And, of course, whether you require your drum to be United Nations (UN), Department of Transportation (DOT) and/or hazardous materials/dangerous goods certified. (Tight-head drums  manufactured for certification standards as well).

Open head drums are considered the best drums for the storage or shipment of solids, viscous liquids and radioactive waste. Whereas tight heads are best used for liquids – since the contents will need to be easily drained through the fittings.

Whether you’re shipping or storing, the proper drum makes all the difference and we at Skolnik take pride in ensuring your product, facilities and employees remain safe.

When to Use an Overpack Drum?

July 13th, 2015 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: Safety, Salvage Drum

An Overpack is an enclosure used to provide protection or convenience in handling a package, or to consolidate two or more packages. Overpacks are not the same as Salvage Drums and are only meant for non-leaking packages. If an Overpack drum is sold as a Salvage Drum, the DOT will hold the manufacturer and distributor liable and both parties could face a fine. The DOT does, however, expect a level of knowledge from the shipper and can hold them liable if they do not meet the proper requirements or misuse a drum.

So when should you use an Overpack Drum?

According to UN criteria and standards, Overpack Drums are certified as secure outer packaging. They are tested for solids and should not be used if the integrity of the inner package has been compromised.

An Overpack can be simply defined as a larger container into which a smaller one may be placed. An Overpack can be made of any material, the traditional choice being a 55 gallon metal drum. Overpack Drums come with their own set of UN and DOT requirements, but passing leak and pressure tests are not always among them. More often than not, Overpacks are used to facilitate the handling of another package or two. Skolnik, however, does pressure test Overpack Drums. Our Stainless steel Overpack Drums have each been tested at 1A2/X plus 15 psi hydrostatic pressure per CFR 49 for the over-packing of Toxic (Poisonous) by Inhalation packaging. But despite this rigorous testing and the fact that Skolnik products are made thicker, heavier and stronger than industry standards require, the DOT would still not consider our Overpack Drums as Salvage Drums.

But fear not, if it is a Salvage Drum you need, Skolnik can still help. Both our Overpack and Salvage Drum lines come in a variety of capacities, meet domestic and international regulations and offer extreme durability.

What is Secondary Spill Containment?

June 4th, 2015 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, Safety

Since the industrial revolution, businesses, governments and individuals have been shipping just about anything and everything to just about anywhere. Everything must travel, even hazardous materials. So it is incredibly important for any hazardous materials to be packaged correctly so as not to contaminate anything it might come in contact with.

Secondary spill containment is the containment of hazardous materials liquids in order to prevent pollution of soil or water. There are a number of techniques for containment, but for transporting hazardous materials that might spill or leak during transit there are portable containment berms. Portable berms are useful for oil drums, trucks, tankers and trailers.

In addition to portable secondary spill containment, any facilities that store large quantities of petroleum are required to provide containment to further prevent leaks of any size.

The shipment of hazardous materials is a more tricky situation with more variables and possibly even more restrictions. Materials must be properly classified and the packaging selection, closing procedures, documentation, emergency notifications and more must fit the requirements. It can be a daunting task, and some companies devote an entire department to maintaining the safety and compliance of their hazmat transport, but there is always help just a phone call away–The DOT (Department of Transportation) INFO LINE.

You can reach the info line by calling 1-800–467-4922 from 9am to 5pm EST. The info line is staffed with knowledgeable hazmat professionals capable of helping each caller understand the requirements of their package. The Skolnik team is also always a phone call away and happy to help our customers find the right containment for their needs.

30 Gallon Steel Drums Set to Travel

January 29th, 2015 by Natalie Mueller

Filed under: DOT/UN, Safety

The immediate difference between a 55 gallon steel drum and a 30 gallon steel drum? The 30 gallon steel drum is smaller. Not a novel concept, but smaller size drums are easier to move and so it is only natural that 30 gallon steel drums tend to log a lot of miles.

All drums, regardless of size, are required to meet stringent guidelines regulated by the Department of Transportation. Every inch and aspect of a steel drum must be thoroughly tested and inspected before it is deemed safe and appropriate for transport. At Skolnik, we don’t take these rules lightly. A number of UN and DOT tests are even done in house and meticulously monitored throughout the manufacturing process.

When we say every inch of the drum, we mean it. There are standards for every part of the drum: clamp bands, bolts, gaskets, lids, rolling hoops, thickness, chimes, seams and more. The steel must meet a thickness regulation based on its capacity and intended use, reinforcing rings might be required, rolling hoops must be tight and not spot-welded. Every opening and closure device must be a certain size and sealed tight for shipment. There are rules on what you can weld and how you must execute the welding. There are protective coatings and treatments with their own tests and requirements. There are maximums, there are minimums, and then of course there are a series of tests to ensure the container is leak proof.

A lot goes into ensuring the safety and integrity of our steel drums whether they are being used for regular transport or storage. As cumbersome as these regulations may seem, each and every one is tremendously important. Our 30 gallon steel drums travel the world and we want to keep the world and all of its inhabitants safe and satisfied.